surface mining definition

Division of Mine Reclamation and Enforcement Welcome

Mar 01 2018 · The Division of Mine Reclamation and Enforcement DMRE is responsible for inspecting all surface and underground coal mining permits in the state to assure compliance with the 1977 Federal Surface Mining Control Act SMCRA

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What is Strip Mining Definition from Safeopedia

Strip mining is a mineral extraction process in which a layer or seam of undesired material called overburden is removed from the surface of an area to allow efficient access to a desired material existing underneath the layer being stripped

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Chapter 78 44 RCW SURFACE MINING

Surface mining reclamation account 78 44 050 Exclusive authority to regulate reclamation Department may delegate enforcement authority to counties cities towns Other laws not affected 78 44 055 Surface mining of coal Preemption of chapter by federal laws programs 78 44 060 Investigations research etc Dissemination of

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MSHA Part 46 online Terms Definitions Online miner courses

Mine sites included in MSHA Part 46 Miners engaged in shell dredging or employed at sand gravel surface stone surface clay colloidal phosphate or surface limestone mines Miner Any person including any operator or supervisor who works at a mine and who is engaged in mining operations This definition includes independent contractors

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The Actual Difference Between Surface and Underground Mining

In surface mining the ore is accessed directly from the Earth s surface and contact is maintained with the surface throughout the operation Underground or subsurface mining is accomplished with the help of tunnels going into the Earth and does not occur on the surface Working Principle

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Surface Mining Permitting Process Mineral Land

For placer mining and other non aggregate mineral surface mining operations applications must be received by DOGAMI no later than July 31 2017 or 90 days after the start of excavation whichever occurs later Read the Exclusion Certificate FAQ Exclusion Certificate Application Requirements

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APES Unit 8 Earth Science Flashcards Quizlet

Surface Mining definition and steps Shallow deposits are removed by removing vegetation removing overburden and get the desired mineral and leave the rest Open pit mining Type of surface mining machines dig large holes and remove metal ores and sand gravel and stone

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Mining related codes and regulations

WV Coal Surface Mining Rule 38 CSR 2 Updated 07 02 2018 This rule denotes all changes approved by the WV Legislature and are still pending action from OSM OSM APPROVED ONLY WV Coal Surface Mining Rule 38 CSR 2 This rule is OSM Approved Rules ONLY Groundwater Protection Rules Coal Mining Operations 38 CSR 2F

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Surface mine definition of surface mine by The Free

Define surface mine surface mine synonyms surface mine pronunciation surface mine translation English dictionary definition of surface mine Verb 1 surface mine extract from a strip mine strip mine surface mine mining excavation the act of extracting ores or coal etc from the earth mine

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Surface Mining and Reclamation WA DNR

The Surface Mine Reclamation Program SMRP is part of the Washington Geological Survey within the Washington Department of Natural Resources The program was created in 1971 after the legislature created the Surface Mining Act The SMRP makes sure that all lands and waters within the state are protected and reclaimed after mining is complete

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Mining Methods Part II Surface Mining Planning and Design

Mining Methods Surface mining The line for the pit limit was f ound using the required pit slope and located at the po int that ga ve a waste or e ratio of 1 3 1

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What are main methods of surface mining Quora

Sep 16 2019 · Surface mining including strip mining open pit mining and mountaintop removal mining is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit the overburden are removed In contrast to underground mining in which th

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The Environmental Science of Surface Mining dummies

The environmental damage caused by surface mining is related to the large amount of surface material that humans remove during mining operations The environmental effects of surface mining include Habitat destruction Soil erosion Air pollution from dust particulates Pollution especially from sediments All surface mining techniques negatively affect the environment

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Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 Law and

The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 SMCRA is the primary federal law that regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the U S It is intended to ensure that coal

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What does Surface mining mean definitions

Definition of Surface mining in the Definitions net dictionary Meaning of Surface mining What does Surface mining mean Information and translations of Surface mining in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web

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West Virginia Code

Also he or she may receive any federal funds state funds or any other funds and enter into cooperative agreements for the reclamation of land affected by surface mining §22 3 3 Definitions As used in this article unless used in a context that clearly requires a different meaning the term

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Land Disturbance and Reclamation after Mining ScienceDirect

The Surface Mining Act placed a levy per ton on all coal produced in the USA This fund can be used to finance the restoration of areas that were not reclaimed in the past and other action needed to alleviate off site impacts of the unreclaimed areas From 1981 a new consideration has been given to the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act

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OSMRE Laws Regulations and Guidance

Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act SMCRA P L 95 87 Enacted August 3 1977 An Act to provide for the cooperation between the Secretary of the Interior and the States with respect to the regulation of surface coal mining operations and the acquisition and reclamation of abandoned mines and for other purposes

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Surface Mining Encyclopedia com

Surface mining Surface mining techniques are used when a vein of coal or other substance lies so close to the surface that it can be mined with bulldozers power shovels and trucks instead of using deep shaft mines explosive devices or coal gasification techniques Surface mining is especially useful when the rock contains so little of the ore being mined that conventional

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Alabama Surface Mining Commission

Alabama Surface Mining Commission The Alabama Surface Mining Commission is the primary regulatory authority for Surface and Underground Coal Mining Operations for the State of Alabama under the Federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977

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Surfaced Definition of Surfaced at Dictionary com

Surfaced definition the outer face outside or exterior boundary of a thing outermost or uppermost layer or area See more

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Surface mining Britannica

This process is called surface mining and was widely used as a method for extracting coal in the Ohio River valley and in England This technique is also used for mining phosphate deposits gypsum gravel limestone copper iron and other minerals

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Surface Geology WA DNR

A geologic map can only show what is exposed at the surface of the Earth To show what lays beneath our feet geologists make cross sections Cross sections are imaginary slices into the earth that show how rock units or deposits are arranged below the surface

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The Environmental Science of Surface Mining dummies

The environmental damage caused by surface mining is related to the large amount of surface material that humans remove during mining operations The environmental effects of surface mining include Habitat destruction Soil erosion Air pollution from dust particulates Pollution especially from sediments All surface mining techniques negatively affect the environment though some methods are

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Surface definition and meaning Collins English Dictionary

Surface definition The surface of something is the flat top part of it or the outside of it Meaning pronunciation translations and examples Log In Dictionary to work at or near the surface as in mining 12 to rise to the surface of the water 13 to become known esp after being concealed

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